Family 411: Returning to a sport after a concussion
A teenager can experience a concussion in any sport.
Returning to play should be taken slowly.
Tara Morgan tells us why teens shouldn't rush recovery in this Family 411 report.
Kellan Grainger is well-rounded when it comes to sports.
He plays high school football, lacrosse and wrestling which is his favorite.
"Something about individual victory I just really enjoy."
A blow to the head during a match temporarily knocked him off the mat.
"He hit me like right up here on my eyebrow and I had to get 10 stitches."
There was more to his injury than just on the surface.
"I remember being dazed and confused."
A day later, Kellan realized he had a concussion.
Athletic trainer Tiffany Estes says every concussion is different and so is recovery time.
"They could be potentially very serious depending on how bad it is or it there's a bleed or no bleed."
Kellen had trouble concentrating in the classroom.
"I was sleeping for 12 hours a night then I would have four or five naps a day."
Both are among the symptoms.
"Headache, nausea, lightheaded, dizzy."
The only way to return to play safely, is patience and rest."
"It's really important to follow a gradual return to play progression after an individual sustains a concussion."
Estes says if you go back too soon, you could risk developing second impact syndrome if the first concussion didn't heal properly.
"It can result in anything from brain damage or paralysis or anything permanent neurologically."
Kellan knew of the risks.
"It's better to be mentally there than physically there."
He went through stages of recovery with limited workouts.
Kellan ended up getting well enough to play lacrosse.
"First, I had to make it through a whole day of school with no headaches."
He says advice from his mother kept his focus on the future.
"Don't get into it too quickly because you have big things ahead of you. You need to be ready for that."
Estes says it could take anywhere from days, weeks even years to fully recover form a concussion.
And teens need to see a doctor before being allowed full contact play at school.